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INDIAs ROLE IN AFGHANISTAN
August 05, 2013 by:
Yoginder Singh Points: 12
India has been plying a great role in rebuilding the war torn Afghanistan.
In order to put the development process of Afghanistan on sound footing India played a vital role so far as economic development is concerned. Immediate after establishment of democratic government, India supported in rebuilding air links, hydro power plants and made investment in the field of education, power supply, strengthening security system, health, transportation, construction of road and education.
In this process of development India has gifted more than 1000 vehicles to Afghanistan including built up buses, utility vehicles as well as light and heavy vehicles so as to gear up the development process in better way.
Due to persistent efforts the membership of Afghanistan in South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation was proposed by India in 2005.
After the killing of an Indian by Taliban militants in 2005 India deployed 200 soldiers of Indian Tibet Boarder Police for providing fool proof security for Indian nationals working in Afghanistan under the projects funded by India. During this period Afghanistan strengthened ties with India in the wake of persisting tension and problems with Pakistan as the Pakistan was playing a major role to shelter and support the Taliban, Islamic militants in different parts of India in general and Kashmir in particular.
During Hamid Karzai's visit to India three memorandum of understanding in the field of education, rural development and standardization were signed. During 2006 India raised its package of financial help to Afghanistan to the tune of $750 million. Afghanistan got the opportunity to become eighth member of South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC).
In 2008 the suicide car bomb attacked Indian Embassy in Kabul. Among 58 people killed in the said bomb blast a Senior Indian Army Officer Brig. Ravi Dutt Mehta of Shimla (HP) along with V.Venkateswara Rao also lost their lives. Afghanistan suspected the involvement of Pakistan's ISI in the attack.
In the continuous process of nation building during SAARC Summit, India intends to improve economic cooperation among countries in Central and South Asia and to set up one iron ore mill and a steel plant in Afghanistan. India and Iran are likely to ink a transit agreement on transporting goods to Afghanistan.
India is going to invest in the expansion of Chabahr port in Iran which will be helpful being a transportation hub.
Recently the President of Afghanistan Hamid Karzai visited India from 20th to 23rd May, 2013. During his visit to India he gave a list of equipment to India to supply the same within the framework of India Afghanistan strategic partnership 2011. With the help of India, Afghanistan wants to set up a Military Training Academic. This is a sign of positive role India is playing in the region.
India and Afghanistan are key partners in prosperity and their closeness can be gauged from the fact that India is constructing the Parliament House for the Afghan Government. India being a key partner in prosperity of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai needs to realize and work towards strengthening of this relation. Only then peace will come in real sense to this disturbed region which has been embroiled in controversies, ever since Soviet forces withdrew in 1980's.
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