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Factors which are Responsible for Causing Osteoporosis
August 31, 2013 by:
Dr. Simran Kaur Points: 12
Osteoporosis also known as brittle bone disease is degenerative and destructive disease of bones in which bones become porous that is they become brittle as there is loss of bone mass per unit volume.
Osteoporosis also known as brittle bone disease is degenerative and destructive disease of bones in which bones become porous that is they become brittle as there is loss of bone mass per unit volume. In osteoporosis, bone mass per unit volume get decreased as speed with which new bone tissue formation occurs gets lower than the speed with which old tissue of bone get destructed.
In healthy bone, the speed with which new bone cells forms is faster than the speed with which old tissue of bone destructed. Bone is living and dynamic tissue in which the process of new bone tissue formation and removal of old bone tissue go hand in hand. It only stops when a person dies. In osteoporotic bones, that is in osteoporosis disease, the speed with which new bone tissue formation occurs gets lowered than speed with which old tissue gets destructed. Now, why the speed of new bone tissue formation gets lowered than the speed of old bone tissue destruction, in osteoporosis disease, the causes of this are many.
The various causes and risk factors due to which osteoporosis occur are so many. The various causes or factors which are responsible for causing osteoporosis are as follow-
1. Depletion of calcium from body-
Calcium which is major mineral component of bone tissue makes bone extracellular matrix hard and strong. It is the major mineral component which gives bones its strength, make them strong. Ninety nine percent of calcium found in human body is stored in bones. When there occurs large depletion of calcium from human body in urine and sweat than is absorbed from diet, that is, more calcium is lost than is absorbed from diet, it results in shortage of calcium available in human body which bones can store for making extracellular tissue of bone hard and strong, less calcium in bone tissue means less bone mass per unit volume and less bone mass per unit volume result in porous bones, brittle bones, that is, osteoporosis disease.
Age is also one of the main causative factors for the occurrence of osteoporosis in humans, as osteoporosis usually occurs primarily in middle aged and elderly people.
3. Gender predisposition-
Osteoporosis especially affects women more than men. Eighty percent of the patients who are suffering from osteoporosis are women. Older women are affected more, they suffer more from osteoporosis diseases than men, the reason for this is that the hormones which prevents osteoporosis in women gets stopped suddenly at menopause whereas hormones of men diminishes gradually and that diminution occur too in very minute quantity which is very slight whereas in women it stops suddenly and not gradually.
One more reason which predisposes women more to osteoporosis than men is that women's bones are less massive than bones of men that is, bones of women have lesser bone mass per unit volume than bones of men which have higher bone mass per unit volume.
Family history also plays a very important role as those patients who have family history of this disease have more chance of suffering from this disease, as this disease, that is osteoporosis got hereditary inheritance, that is, it gets inherited from one generation to other.
5. European and Asian people are affected more by this disease osteoporosis.
6. Body build- People who are thin and small in body build are affected more by osteoporosis.
7. Doing no workout or exercise at all also predisposes to osteoporosis. People who are more active and do exercise on routine basis get less affected by osteoporosis.
Smoking cigarette also predisposes to osteoporosis. Smoking makes your bones brittle and hence causes brittle bone disease that is osteoporosis.
9. Diet low in calcium and vitamin D-
Human bones absorb calcium and vitamin D required for making bones strong from food that is diet. But, if, diet consumed by a person is low or lacking in calcium and vitamin D, then there will be go less or no calcium and vitamin D in human body through food and therefore less or no calcium and vitamin D is available for bones to use and less calcium and vitamin D in bones means brittle and weak bones that is, osteoporosis.
Excessive alcohol intake daily also makes your bones brittle and weaker just like smoking makes your bones weaker and brittle and hence causes osteoporosis.
11. Allopathic drugs-
Certain allopathic drugs have side effects on your bones, they weaken your bones and make them brittle and hence causes osteoporosis.
12. Diabetes mellitus-
Diabetes mellitus also predisposes to osteoporosis. Diabetes mellitus weaken your bones and reduces their strength.
13. Past history of fractures-
Any kind of fractures of bones in past years weakens that bones which were fractured than the bones which are normal and not fractured. Bones weakened by fractures get easily and early affected by osteoporosis than the bones which are normal.
14. Chronic malnutrition- also makes bones weak and brittle and hence also predisposes to osteoporosis.
15. Hormonal imbalance- like hyperparathyroidism, hyperthyroidism also predisposes to osteoporosis.
16. Tumors , like lymphomas and myelomas make your bones weak and brittle and hence increase your chances of suffering from osteoporosis.
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