Login or Register

  Welcome: Guest

Home >> Article >> Lifestyle >> Health >> Post New Article Bookmark and Share

Top Five Hormones Which Increase Bone Growth of Human Bones

September 25, 2013  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 12   Category: Health  Earning $0.70   Views: 932

We now know that hormones play a very important role in bone growth, but, question is, which hormones play that very important role in bone growth of human bones?


Hormones play a very important and vital role in various functions performed by human body. They play a vital role in healthy functioning of human body and its various organs. The same goes for bones, that is, the hormones do play a very important role in healthy functioning of skeletal system, makes bones strong and also help in effective remodeling of bones.

We now know that hormones play a very important role in bone growth, but, question is, which hormones play that very important role in bone growth of human bones? The hormones which play a very important and vital role in effective, increased and healthy growth of bones are-

1. Insulin like growth factors.

2. Human growth hormones.

3. Thyroid hormones.

4. Insulin.

5. Estrogens.

6. Androgens.

7. Parathyroid hormone.

8. Calcitonin.

1. Insulin like growth factors-

Insulin like growth factors also known as IGFs , secreted by liver and bones. These hormones play a very important role in bone growth during childhood. They do this by stimulating osteoblasts, which are bone building cells of human body, these hormones increase their activity which results in cell division at epiphyseal plate and in periosteum and also increases synthesis of bone proteins required to build new human bone tissue.

2. Human growth hormone-

Human growth hormone also known as hGH , plays a very vital and contributory role in production of healthy bones. They help in growth of bones by stimulating secretion of insulin like growth factors from liver and bones which enhances bone growth in childhood. Insulin like growth factors are only secreted by liver and bones when they are stimulated by human growth hormone, in absence of secretion of human growth hormone from anterior lobe of pituitary gland they are not secreted.

3. Thyroid hormones-

Thyroid gland secretes two hormones T3 and T4 also known as thyroxin and tri-iodothyronine also helps in bone growth. They do this by stimulating osteoblasts to form new bone cells.

4. Insulin-

Insulin hormone also plays a vital role in bone growth. Insulin is secreted by pancreas contribute in healthy bone growth by increasing production of bone proteins required to make new bone tissue which results in increased bone growth.

5. Estrogens-

Estrogens are female hormones secreted by ovaries of women increase bone growth by stimulating osteoblasts to increase bone growth by forming new bone cells in pubertal age. It promote sudden growth spurt during teenage years. It also helps in bone remodeling during adulthood but stops growth at epiphyseal plates around age of eighteen years in females to prevent excessive lengthwise growth of bones and hence prevents giantism disease in females. They also help in bone remodeling.

Estrogens stops cell division at epiphyseal plates in both males and females to prevent excessive lengthening of bones and hence prevents giantism disease. As hormone estrogen is found in fewer amounts in males than in women, this is the reason why bone growth at epiphyseal plates stops late in males around age of twenty one years.

6. Androgens-

Androgens are male hormones secreted by testes of men from pubertal age. That is, their secretion starts at pubertal age. They help in bone growth by increasing activity of osteoblast cells to form new bone cells and also increase synthesis of bone extracellular matrix. These hormones are also responsible for sudden growth spurt during pubertal age as their secretion starts at puberty. Androgens also help in effective remodeling of bones during adult age.

7. Parathyroid hormone-

Parathyroid hormone also contributes to healthy and effective bone growth. They are secreted by parathyroid gland which help in bone growth by increasing formation of calcitriol which is active form of vitamin D and vitamin D you all know plays a very vital role in increasing absorption of calcium from food and calcium you all know makes your bone strong and healthy by making extracellular matrix of bone strong and hard which result in healthy and strong bones. So, parathyroid hormone not only helps in increasing bone growth but also help in making your bones strong and hard. It also prevents loss of calcium in urine and also helps in effective bone remodeling.

8. Calcitonin-

Calcitonin hormone secreted by para-follicular cells of thyroid gland also helps in bone growth by increasing speed of calcium ions uptake from blood by bone and increases deposition of calcium into extracellular matrix of bone and make it hard, strong and healthy and also increases bone growth and decrease bone mass loss by inhibiting activity of bone mass destructing cells osteoclasts.

Author: Amit Kumar        
Posted Date: 10/26/2013    Points:1    

What is the role of parathoromone harmone in the body?
Author: Dr. Simran Kaur        
Posted Date: 12/13/2013    Points:3    

Amit Kumar, parathoromone is another name of parathyroid hormone. Yes, parathyroid is also known by another name parathoromone. What role parathoromone also known as parathyroid hormone plays in body that I have already explained in point 7 of this article. Have look on point 7 of this article to know what role parathoromone also known as parathyroid hormone plays in body.

Post Comment

Please Log In  to post comment

Related Resources

Abnormal Secretion of Hormones Can Affect Human Bone Growth
Like other body functions and processes hormones do regulate bone growth and functions. And defective secretion of hormones can cause various defects in process of bone growth and can affect person''s height.

Employment and growth In India
Employment and growth In India. Employment and growth - the emerging scenario. employment growth rate increased from an annual rate of

Fragmented capacities stifle growth
Fragmented capacities stifle growth. this time it took an exogenous crisis to magnify the structural deficiencies that lie underneath. The textile business has often been hyped as the industry of promise

How to increase Laptop Battery Life?
The article describes a way to increase the batter life of laptops

Steps to increase traffic to your site through Blogging
In this article I am giving you few basic steps that you need to follow if you want to increase traffic to your site through blogging and make money online.

Latest Resources From The Same Category

Mouth Ulcer Disease
This article gives you some brief explanation about a disease called mouth ulcer.

Easy Availability of These Facilities, have Made People house of Disease
Earlier, it was concluded by medical scientists that people get health deterioration, out of lack of health facilities. Keeping that in mind, they were provided with health facilities. But, now such shocking medical statistics, come forward; from which, medical scientists comes on conclusion that some health facilities, instead of solving health problems; have created much worse, new health problems.

Avoid alcohol for a healthy life
Drinking alcohol is not good for our body. But the number of heavy drinkers are increasing day by day. This is an article which explains how intake of alcohol badly affect the people.

Hyponatremia: a serious sodium deficiency
Hyponatremia is a silent but a serious diseases that occurs because of sodium deficiency. Here I explain the reasons, symptoms and preventing methods of this disease. Three categories of this disease is also given here.

Top ten food for the health of women
Women are physically weak. They need healthy and nutrient food items in each stages of their life. This article explains about top ten healthy food items that are very necessary for women to live healthy.


Top Performers     Top Contributors     Share and Earn     Terms of Service    Privacy Policy     Contact Us