Dance is a natural form of expression of feelings, with body and hand movements. All of us have an inherent capability to dance. Some of the various dance forms in India are described below:
Dance forms which originated in India 1. Classical Dance:
The Indian Classical dance involves a lot of hand movements and facial expressions to convey emotions. There are various dance forms practised in various parts of India, each having their own distinct costume. The seven classical dance forms may be stated as follows:
: This dance form had its originated in Northern India and involves hand gestures and facial expressions to recount moral and mythological tales.
: This dance, from the Manipuri region of North Eastern India, primarily depicts episodes from the life of Lord Vishnu. It involves delicate movements of the body and feet together with subtle facial expressions
: Similar to Bharatnatyam, this dance form originated in the state of Orissa and was previously performed only in temples. It is a soft dance in which the dancer use the head and torso more often, with the formation of more curves as in the sculptures of temples.
: Mohiniattam which is dance form originated in Kerala state, is dedicated to the love and devotion towards God. Here, the basic dance steps are four in number.
: The Kathakali, which had its origin in Kerala, is a highly stylized classical Indian dance-drama with heavy, traditional costumes and well-defined body movements.
: This slow dance form, originated in the state of Andhra Pradesh, is more popularly enacted as a dance drama
: This dance form originated in the Tamil Nadu and is relatively more dynamic, laying more emphasis on the hand and eye movements. 2. Folk:
This dance form, mainly practised in villages and among the tribals, consists of easy body movements to the rhythm of the folk songs. Popular Indian folk dances, based on region, include:
-Lavani, Povadas, Koli, Dindi(Maharashtra)
-Brite, Gambhira, Tusu, Santhal(West Bengal)
-Pala, Bharat Lila,Daskathia(Orissa)
-Kavadi, Karagattam, Kummi, Kolattam, Villu pattu, Puli Kali(Tamil Nadu)
-Veeraanatyam, Butta Bommalu, Tappetugullu, Dappu(Andhra Pradesh).
-Garba, Dekhni, Raas (Gujarat)
-Nandi Dhwaja, Beesu Kamsale, Bana Devara, Puja Kunitha, Bhagawanthike (Karnataka)
-Namgen, Kinnauri Nati(Himachal Pradesh)
Dance forms originated in the other parts of the world, but practiced in India.
All the following dances have their roots in other parts of the world, especially America and Europe but are popular in India. Balldancing, Tap, Belly and Ballet are, however, in their nascent stages and are practiced in only a few parts in India.3. Salsa:
Salsa has its origin in Latin American countries and is generally performed in pairs. It involves the movement of the legs and the upper body and is usually done on an 8 beat (left-right-left-pause-right-left-right-pause..) pattern. 4. Disco/Club:
It refers to moving to music in rhythmic, consistent steps and cool hand movements. 5. Ball dance:
Originated from Latin-America and France, these are usually partner dances which are done with light leg and body movements, most of the time clasping each other's hands/waist. The various styles of ballroom dancing include Tango, Waltz and Quickstep.6. Hip-Hop:
Hip-Hop dancing, refers to dancing to Hip-Hop music which originated from the U.S region. It involves taking well-defined steps as per the beat of the music and is an energetic form of dancing. Breakdancing, shake, rock and pop dancing are the major styles of this dance form practiced in India. 7. Bellydance:
A traditional Egyptian dance, which consists basically of circular movements of the abdomen and hips with a shimmy (rapid vibration) of the shoulders.8. Tap:
Also, called step dance, this is supposed to have its origin from the Afro-Americans. In this form, the metal plates on the dancer's shoes touch a hard surface, thus creating the sound while dancing. 9. Ballet:
This beautiful form of dance originated in France and is usually performed by 3 or more people. There are six basic positions and the dance involves lot of high-intensity aerobic movements of the hands and legs. 10. Pole:
As the name indicates, pole dance is performed with a pole and is a combination of dancing and gymnastics.11. Cheerleading:
This is more of a sport rather than serious dance. It uses cyclical elements that range from 1 minute to 3 minutes, involving side movements, jumps, cheers, and stunting to direct spectators of events to cheer on sports teams. 12. Bollywood dance:
This is the typical dance, seen in most of the Indian cinemas, which is basically a mixture of belly dancing, Kathak, folk and hip-hop dancing.