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Urinary Tract Infection

October 30, 2011  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 8   Category: Health  Earning $0.20   Views: 705

It is the most common infection. Urinary tract infection is multiplication of organisms in the urinary tract.

         

It is the most common infection. Urinary tract infection is multiplication of organisms in the urinary tract. It is usually associated with the presence of neutrophils and more than 100000 organisms per ml in a midstream sample of urine.

Causative organisms-

1. Escherichia coli.

2. Proteus.

3. Pseudomonas.

4. Streptococci.

5. Staphylococcus epidermidis.

Causes -

1. Causative micro-organisms just given above.

2. Colonization of the periurethral zone with pathogenic organisms.

3. In women, the ascent of organisms into the bladder is easier than in men.

4. Instrumentation of the bladder may also introduce organisms.

Symptoms-

1. Sudden onset of frequency of micturition.

2. Scalding pain in the urethra during micturition.

3. Suprapubic pain during and after urination.

4. Haematuria.

Investigations-

1. Urine dipstick test.

2. Urine examination.

3. Full blood count.

4. Blood culture.

5. Cystoscopy.

Management-

1. Antibiotics.

2. Drink more fluid.




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