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Hospital Acquired Pneumonia

October 31, 2011  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 5   Category: Health  Earning $0.15   Views: 504

Majority of hospital acquired infections are caused by gram negative bacteria. These include Escherichia, Pseudomonas and Klebsiella.

         

Hospital acquired pneumonia refers to development of new episode of pneumonia occurring at least two days after admission to hospital.

Causes-

1. Majority of hospital acquired infections are caused by gram negative bacteria. These include Escherichia, Pseudomonas and Klebsiella.

2. High rate of colonization of nasopharynx of hospital patients with gram negative bacteria.

3. Poor host defenses.

4. General inability of the severely ill patient to clear upper respiratory airway.

Symptoms-

1. Elderly and debilitated patient develops acute bronchopneumonia.

2. Acute bronchitis.

3. Increased cough sputum purulence.

4. Fever.

5. Cyanosis.

6. Neutrophil leucocytosis.

Investigations-

1. White blood count.

2. Chest x-ray.

Management-

1. Antibiotics.

2. Fluid support.




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