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Abnormal Heart Sounds

November 22, 2011  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 5   Category: Health  Earning $0.15   Views: 640

Mid diastolic murmurs are due to accelerated or turbulent flow across the mitral or tricuspid valves.

         

Pathological sounds and murmurs are the product of turbulent blood flow or rapid ventricular filling due to abnormal loading conditions.

Different types of abnormal heart sounds are-

1. Systolic murmur.
2. Mid-diastolic murmur.
3. Continuous murmur.

Causes of pansystolic murmur are-

1. Mitral regurgitation.
2. Tricuspid regurgitation.
3. Ventricular septal defect.

Late systolic murmurs occur in mitral valve prolapsed and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Mid diastolic murmurs are due to accelerated or turbulent flow across the mitral or tricuspid valves.

Causes of mid-diastolic murmur are-

1. Mitral stenosis.
2. Tricuspid stenosis.
3. Increased flow across the mitral valve.
4. Increased flow across the tricuspid valve.

Continuous murmurs result from a combination of systolic and diastolic flow.




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