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Anisometropia

November 30, 2011  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 5   Category: Health  Earning $0.10   Views: 573

Anisometropia is that condition of eye when the total refraction of two eyes is unequal.

         

Anisometropia is that condition of eye when the total refraction of two eyes is unequal.

Causes-

1. Congenital defect.

2. Developmental defect.

3. Uniocular aphakia.

4. Implantation of wrong intraocular lens.


Types-

1. Simple anisometropia.

2. Compound anisometropia.

3. Mixed anisometropia.

4. Simple astigmatic anisometropia.

5. Compound astigmatic anisometropia.


Symptoms-

Depending upon the presence of refractive error in one or both the eye, the symptoms are as follows-

1. Binocular single vision.

2. Uniocular vision.

3. Alternate vision.


Investigations-

Retinoscopic examination is the investigation of choice.


Treatment-

1. Spectacles.

2. Contact lens.

3. Aniseikonic glasses.

4. Intraocular lens implantation.

5. Refractive corneal surgery.

6. Fucala's operation.




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