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Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis

December 07, 2011  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 8   Category: Health  Earning $0.15   Views: 379

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis is a recurrent, allergic inflammation of conjunctiva.

         

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis is a recurrent, bilateral, interstitial allergic inflammation of conjunctiva.

Causes-

1. Atopic disease.

2. Exogenous allergen.

3. Grass pollen.

4. Boys are affected more by this disease.

5. It is more common in summer season.

6. It is more prevalent in tropical regions.


Symptoms-

1. Burning in eyes.

2. Itching in eyes.

3. Burning and itching in eyes increased in warm humid atmosphere.

4. In palpebral form of disease, itching gets increased.

5. Photophobia.

6. Lacrimation from eyes.

7. Heaviness in eyes and forehead.

8. Ropy discharge from eyes.

9. Hard, flat papillae arranged in cobble stone appearance on upper tarsal conjunctiva.

10. Dusky red triangular congestion of bulbar conjunctiva in palpebral area.

11. Punctuate epithelial keratitis.

12. Ulcerative vernal keratitis.

13. Vernal corneal plaques.

14. Subepithelial scarring.


Treatment-

1. Steroid therapy under doctor's supervision.

2. Antihistaminics.

3. Dark goggles.

4. Cold compresses and ice packs.

5. Surgery.




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