Login or Register

  Welcome: Guest


Home >> Article >> Education >> Social Studies >> Post New Article Bookmark and Share

Mughal Contribution to the Indian Literature

December 27, 2011  by: Paulose  Points: 20   Category: Social Studies    Views: 480

The Mughals established a mighty empire that dominated India for more than two centuries. Their passion for literature and knowledge commissioned excellent literary works. They add luster and wealth to the literatures of India.

         

India is a rich mine of hidden literatures! The vast wealth of literature still in palm leaves has to be brought out for open studies which surely will have a great impact on history as well as the knowledge of so many sciences.
Tamil, Sanskrit, Urdu and other languages have contributed unimaginable wealth to the Indian literatures. When the countries enjoyed a peaceful life, literature and arts were flourishing well. That we can see in the history of India, especially during the Sangam periods, the Guptas and the Mughals.

Printing in India

Most of the Indian literatures were in palm leaves till the arrival of the printing technology in the sixteenth century. Printing was a turning point in the Indian history. It came with the missionary movement of the Portuguese and others. Fifty-nine years after the landing of Vasco da Gama in India, the printing press opened its account at Goa, a few decades after the beginning of the 16th century. Within a hundred years of the printing of Gutenberg's Bible in Germany, India initiated its groping towards fashioning of types for the many Indian languages.

Mughal Empire which was established in the north in the sixteenth century and the Vijayanagara Empire in the south witnessed the changes that were brought by the printing technology in India.

Mughal Contribution To Literature

There was tremendous literary activity during the Mughal period, because with the return of a stable and prosperous empire. There was once again patronage for the literary works. Languages like Persian, Sanskrit, Hindi and Urdu saw tremendous creative activity as did many vernacular languages. The Mughal Emperors, themselves interested in literature, encouraged literary contributions. Vast number of works were written during the period of the Mughals.

The Three Categories of Contributions

We can easily divide the contributions of the Mughals into three categories: historical works, translations ,poetry and novels. Our understanding of the Mughal period was greatly enhanced by these books, and most of the historical works of this period provide us with a fairly reliable source of information. The important historical works written in this time were Ain-I-Akbari , and Akbarnama by Abul Fazl, the Ta'rikh-I-'Alfi by Mulla Daud. Akbar, though was not educated in any formal educational institution, could contribute much to literature. Jehangir possessed a keen interest in literature, and his autobiography is one of the finest amongst the Mughal emperors. During his reign important historical works like Ma'asir-I-Jahangir , the Igbalnamah-I-Jahangiri and the Zubud-ut-Tawaikh were written.

Great Translations

Many important works in translation were also written during this period, with the translation of the epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana taking place. Many of the Vedas were also translated and several previous historical books were also translated. All this translation added to the wealth of Indian literature and spread ancient knowledge to a greater audience. This renewed interest in Indian literature would be an important tool used by the social reformers of the eighteenth century to educate the people about what the ancient texts really said as opposed to the distorted interpretations that were being followed.

New Contributions

The Mughal empire encouraged a large number of poets and writers and hence there were a lot of new contributions published in this era. During the reign of Akbar, Jehangir and Shah Jahan the literary people had tremendous patronage and many remarkable works were composed. Since the Mughal emperors had integrated themselves into Indian society, they patronized many Indian languages leading to some good quality literature being developed for these languages. The main themes of the period were essentially religious, covering most of the major religions of the period. One of the fine Hindu works composed during this time was Ramcharitmanasa (the life of Rama) by Tulsidasa, which was a simplified version of the Ramayana. In Bengal there was a lot of work being created in Vaishnava literature. Writers like Krishnada and Kaviraj were popular authors of the time. Many biographies were also written during this period.

Valuable Contributions

The Mughals established a mighty empire that dominated India for more than two centuries. Their passion for nature and literature contributed much for the Indian literature. Books were very precious to the Mughal kings. Expensive and laborious contributions were as marked the symbols of royal wealth, power and intelligence. At the height of the Mughal power, the imperial studios hummed with the activity of hundreds papermakers, printers and business people of books. Today we can see and enjoy the books and manuscripts illustrated with exquisite miniature paintings of the Mughal Emperors treasured by museums around the world. The Mughal contribution to the Indian literatures is really great.
http://expertscolumn.com/content/mughal-contribution-indian-literature




Comment(s)

No response found. Be the first to respond to this post

Post Comment

Please Log In  to post comment

Related Resources



Indian Contribution to International Mathematics
India has been a mathematical power from ancient days. The knowledge of mathematics India has given to the world is commendable. Today, mathematics as the basis of science is gaining momentum in the computer world.

Indian kid set record in push-ups
Indian kid Ronald set record by doing 1482 push-ups in 40 minutes.

Neem Tree (Indian Lilac) : The Divine Gift
This article is about the divine tree 'Neem' and its benefits.

Amla (Indian Gooseberry) : A Wonderful Fruit
Amla is a wonderful fruit due to its amazing medicinal properties. This article tells about the uses and benefits of Amla fruits.

Birthdays of Indian cricketers
This article lists the birthdays of popular Indian cricketers ( Both current & former )

Latest Resources From The Same Category



History: Known and Unknown
History is very important in shaping future. History has two sides: open and buried. We call the buried history and unseen history as pre-historic. What is known to the world is very little. What has been buried and lost is a very large one. Modern world is trying to find out the unknown historical facts through archeology and other methods.

Schools Should Become Healthy Nurseries of Leaders
Schools are the places where future of humanity is shaped. They can produce good leaders as well as bad terrorists who can destroy the whole humanity. A leader is shaped by the schools and the society. Modern market-culture schools and society should look into this danger hanging on the destiny of humanity.

An Ecumenical Emperor of India
Akbar the Great almost brought the Indian continent under one rule. He brought ecomenism in India. He wanted to live in peace. His efforts for ecumenism are greatly laudable. His efforts are a great lesson to the modern world.

Living Monuments of Mughal Magnificence
The Mughals ruled over India for more than two centuries. It was during their magnificent reign that India reached a peak of glory. It was during this time that most of the Indian wealth reached many parts of the world. It was during their rule that art and culture reached a glorious period, emblems of which are still seen all over the world.

Mahatma Gandhi Created a World Record in the Guinness Book
Mahatma Gandhi, the Indian leader who was assassinated 64 years ago, created a world record in the Guinness Book. His death anniversary has made an indelible mark in the pages of history.

 

Top Performers     Top Contributors     Share and Earn     Terms of Service    Privacy Policy     Contact Us