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Six ways to prevent Cervical Cancer

April 10, 2012  by: Sarika  Points: 12   Category: Health  Earning $0.40   Views: 835

This article provides tips to prevent cervical cancer

         

Six ways to prevent Cervical Cancer

The term cancer was first used by Hippocrates – the father of medicine – who was a great Greek physician and lived from c. 460 – 377 B.C. However, the first case of cancer (breast cancer) was documented in Egypt; in 1500 B.C. Cancer, is one of the oldest known groups of diseases known to man and is generally describe as the abnormal growth of body cells. Cervical cancer or the cancer of the cervix is the second most common and fifth most deadly cancer in women. Infection with Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a major reason of development of cervical cancer in almost all the cases reported. HPVs are a group of more than 150 related viruses which spreads through skin-to-skin contacts. Mostly HPV infections are dormant however exposure to cancer causing substances turns these dormant infected cells into pre-cancerous cells. The disease may be asymptomatic in the pre-cancerous stage or may be accompanied by bleeding from vagina. If untreated, it progresses to advanced stages and ultimately leads to the development of cervical cancer. Luckily there are a number of ways available which are helpful to prevent cervical cancer.

Regular screening test:


Regular testing/screening to find out the pre-cancerous stages and appropriate follow ups has been reported to prevent cervical cancer in approximately 80% of the cases. The Pap smear and the HPV DNA tests are the proven methods of choice for this purpose. The cells from the cervix walls are collected using a small brush or cotton-tipped swab and are prepared for cytological or DNA testing.

Reduce HPV exposure:


Almost 30 – 40 different types of HPV are typically transmitted through sexual contact and affect the anogenital region. It is advisable to limit the sexual contacts and control sexual behavior to reduce the exposure to HPV and ultimately prevent cervical cancer.

Use Intrauterine devices (IUDs) or Condoms:


Use of copper containing IUDs but not inert IUDs has been associated with reduced risk of invasive cervical cancer. Exposure of semen may increase the growth of cervical and uterine tumors. Thus apart from providing protection against sexually transmitted diseases use of condoms can also help prevent cervical cancer.

Vaccination against HPV:

Cervarix and Gardasil are two HPV vaccines available in the market which are shown to prevent HPV infections. Vaccination is performed on the subjects of age group between 9 – 26 years and booster doses are recommended. It is advisable to get vaccinated against HPV before becoming sexually active as vaccination is a preventive measure and not a treatment of an already existing infection.

Do not smoke:


Both active and passive smoking has been associated with high risk of cervical cancer. A cancer causing chemical (Benzyrene) present in cigarette smoke has been found in the cervical mucus of women who smoke. This chemical is believed to damage the walls of cervix and hinder the proper functioning of the protective Langerhans cells and thus increases the risk of cervical cancer.

Proper diet:

Food extremely rich in proteins and animal fat should be avoided. A diet rich in vitamin A, vitamin B12, vitamin C, Vitamin E, zinc and beta carotene has been proven to reduce the risk of cervical cancer.




Comment(s)
Author: AJAY        
Posted Date: 04/12/2012    Points:2    

Thank you for briefing us about Cervical cancer and tips for preventing the same. The article is presented very well by the authoress here. Keep up the good work.
Author: Sarika        
Posted Date: 04/13/2012    Points:1    

Thank you for stopping by and reading my article. I am glad that my efforts proved to be informative for you.

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