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Types of Pneumonia

June 22, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 12   Category: Health  Earning $0.30   Views: 777

Pneumonia is classified into different types depending upon the factors considered as basis for classification into various types.

         

Pneumonia is acute inflammation of lung parenchyma with exudative solidification. Pneumonia is classified into different types depending upon the factors considered as basis for classification into various types-

1. Alveolar or lobar pneumonia.

2. Interstitial pneumonia.

3. Bronchopneumonia.

4. Primary pneumonia.

5. Secondary pneumonia.

6. Necrotizing pneumonia.

7. Community acquired pneumonia.

8. Nosocomial pneumonia.

9. Pneumonia in immuno-compromised patients.


1. Alveolar pneumonia - involves inflammation of various alveoli along with exduative inflammatory secretions in them.

2. Interstitial pneumonia - involves inflammation of inter-alveloar septa of lungs.

3. Bronchopneumonia - In bronchopneumonia inflammation involves airway passages of respiratory tract, terminal and respiratory bronchioles and nearby alveoli.

4. Primary pneumonia
- primary pneumonia is that type of pneumonia in which the inflammation of lung parenchyma is caused by some pathogenic micro-organism and there is no history of any pre-existing respiratory disease or abnormality. Causative organisms are Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenza and Staphylococcus aureus.

5. Secondary pneumonia
- secondary pneumonia is that type of pneumonia which is caused due to the presence of some pre-existing abnormality of respiratory tract or due to the presence of some primary focus of inflammation or infection elsewhere in the body.

6. Necrotizing pneumonia
- involves incomplete resolution of primary or secondary pneumonia which is progressing towards the destruction of lung tissue and sub-subsequent development of fibrosis of lung tissue.

7. Community acquired pneumonia
- is caused by pathogenic organisms like Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenza, Moraxella catarrhalis. It affects people residing in community that is outside the hospital.

8. Nosocomial pneumonia - affects patients or people admitted in hospital after forty eight hours of staying in hospital. It is also called as hospital acquired infection.

9. Pneumonia in immuno-compromised individuals
- As the name indicates, it affects immuno-compromised individuals that is the people whose immunity is low due to their life threatening diseases at advanced stage.




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