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Portal Hypertension in Brief

June 22, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 8   Category: Health  Earning $0.15   Views: 566

Portal hypertension is a condition in which the normal portal venous pressure deviates from its normal value and gets increased to high level.

         

Portal hypertension is a condition in which the normal portal venous pressure deviates from its normal value and gets increased to high level that is more than thirty centimeters saline whereas normal portal venous pressure is ten to fifteen centimeters saline.

Types-

Portal hypertension is of three types depending upon the resistance to flow in relation to hepatic sinusoids.

1. Pre-sinusoidal.

2. Sinusoidal.

3. Post-sinusoidal.

Causes-

1. Pre-hepatic causes.

2. Post-hepatic causes.

3. Intra-hepatic causes.

4. Increased portal vascular resistance is always the main cause for portal hypertension.

5. Hepatitis.

6. Excessive alcohol intake.

7. Cytotoxic drugs.


Symptoms-

1. Haematemesis.

2. Liver cell failure.

3. Venous hum audible in region of xiphoid process or umbilicus.

4. Splenomegaly.

5. Liver may be enlarged or shrunked depending upon the causes, types and severity of portal hypertension.

6. Hemorrhoids.

7. Ascites.

8. Hepatitis.


Investigations-

1. Barium swallow test.

2. Upper gastrointestinalscopy.

3. Ultrasound abdomen.

4. Portal venography.

5. Measure portal venous pressure to confirm the diagnosis.

6. Liver function tests.




Comment(s)
Author: king786        
Posted Date: 06/23/2012        

thankyou for this information really helpfull

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