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July 04, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 8   Category: Health  Earning $0.20   Views: 455

Syncope also known as fainting is general weakness of muscles of body and loss of consciousness. Syncope occurs due to ischemia of brain stem particularly.


Syncope also known as fainting is general weakness of muscles of body and loss of consciousness. Syncope occurs due to ischemia of brain stem particularly.


There are different types of syncope which are as follow-

1. Vasovagal syncope.

2. Cardiac syncope.

3. Orthostatic syncope.

4. Drug-induced syncope.

5. Cerebrovascular disease associated syncope.

1. Vasovagal syncope - vasovagal syncope is caused by emotional stress, overcrowded area, warm room, anemia, blood loss, and fever and fasting. Its symptoms are-

i) Nausea, vomiting, sweating, epigastric discomfort, tachypnoea.

ii) Faintness, paleness of face, hand and feet along with coldness of hand and feet.

iii) Loss of consciousness, low blood pressure, pulse weak.

2. Cardiac Syncope
- occurs due to tachycardia, obstructive cardiac lesions, structural cardiopulmonary disease and arrhythmia.

3. Orthostatic syncope
- orthostatic syncope occurs when person gets up from lying down position suddenly or when remain in standing in one position for long time which causes postural hypotension responsible for loss of consciousness or syncope.

4. Drug induced syncope - is caused by beta blockers, vasodilators, arrhthymogenic drugs, nitrates.

5. Syncope associated to cerebrovascular disease occurs due to obstruction in large arteries of neck.


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