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Muscular Dystrophy

July 10, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 8   Category: Health  Earning $0.30   Views: 433

Muscular dystrophy is group of muscular diseases which usually occurs due to genetic defect or genetic causes.

         

Muscular dystrophy is group of muscular diseases which usually occurs due to genetic defect or genetic causes. It is usually inherited disorder in which the males are affected by this disease more and females only act as carriers of this disease.

Symptoms-

1. There is muscular weakness due to which there is difficulty in doing usual work which the affected muscles do when they are not diseased or for what purpose they are normally used.

2. Ptosis that is dropping of eyelids due to muscular weakness of muscles of eyelids.

3. Weakness in legs and difficulty in walking. Progressive muscular weakness.

4. Curvature of skin and joint contractures due to muscular weakness. Frequent falls while walking.

5. Hypotonia that is low muscle tone and loss of muscle mass.


Investigations-

1. Muscular examination and history taking.

2. ECG.

3. Electromyography.

4. Blood testing of CPK level.

5. Serum creatinine.

6. LDH test.

7. Muscle biopsy.


Management-

Although there is no specific treatment of this disease but the following measures may help-

1. Try to control the symptoms of muscular dystrophy.

2. Physiotherapy.

3. Orthopedic appliances under doctor’s supervision.

4. Inactivity of affected muscles should be avoided.

5. Diet therapy.




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