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Delirium tremens

July 10, 2012  by: Nupur  Points: 12   Category: Health  Earning $0.50   Views: 395

This article on delirium tremens will highlight people who may be at the risk of getting this disease. It will help people realize that addiction is not a weakness but a disease. It does not develop in a day and may take a long time to recover from the consequences. Strong will power and family support helps addicts get rid of the symptoms and get well.

         

What is delirium tremens?


Delirium tremens is a medical emergency situation. It is a condition of severe withdrawal symptoms that an alcohol addict experiences. The withdrawal symptoms can be physical or mental in nature. It occurs when a person may stop drinking after he had a heavy drink. Delirium tremens may arise after a few days or after 48-72 hours. It is variable and differs from individual to individual. It depends upon the health, energy and coping capacity of the body.

Signs and symptoms of delirium tremens


Severe symptoms
Hallucinations
Tonic-clonic seizures (generalized)
Body tremors
Sensitivity to light
Vision problem
Severe, heavy sweating
Irregular heart rate

Other symptoms
Stupor, disorientation, confusion
Impaired judgment, mental clouding
Arrogance, boastfulness
Mood fluctuations ( depression, excitement, fearful)
Restlessness, irritability
Palpitations, headache, stomach pain, sweating.
Fatigue, insomnia, loss of appetite
Anxiety, nausea, vomiting
Gets aggressive or sentimental
Is too loud ( uncensored, inappropriate responses) or gets very quite
Many other signs and symptoms with individual differences.

Who are at the risk of delirium tremens


1. People who have been heavy drinkers for a period of more than 10 years. It often occurs in people who get withdrawal symptoms when they abruptly stop drinking.
2. People who drink without taking appropriate amount of quality food.
3. People who are addicted to drinking and have ill health, infection, diabetes, hypertension, etc.
4. People who are misery drinkers, they desire to forget the realities of life. They are escapists and do not want to struggle hard. They intoxicate themselves so much so as to get unconscious.
5. When such addicts meet with some road accidents, have a head injury or any major injury.

Consequences of delirium tremens


Liver diseases
Cardiomyopathy
Neuropathy
Blood disorders
Vitamin B1 deficiency, brain disorder
Permanent loss of memory
Many other complications
Short life span

Management of Delirium tremens


1. Immediate hospitalization and management.
2. Electroencephalogram (EEG)
3. Electrocardiogram (ECG)
4. Blood tests, Tests to determine toxicity in the blood.
5. Diagnostic treatment to be started
6. Symptomatic treatment to be started
7. Counseling and family support
8. Rehabilitation if required.

Recovery cannot take place in a fortnight. Patience and sincere efforts to get well are the key to get back to work or re- enter the academic stream. After an individual recovers he/she should have a positive attitude towards life. He/she should try to re-build the lost relations, should be able to handle stress and try to spread awareness and share one’s experiences with others to save their life and prevent them from getting into similar misery.




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