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Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

July 16, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 8   Category: Health  Earning $0.20   Views: 305

Dry cough with headache and dyspnoea are the main prominent symptoms of severe acute respiratory syndrome.

         

Severe acute respiratory syndrome is a respiratory disorder caused by a virus named coronavirus. The disease spreads from person to person by droplet transmission or fomite.

Symptoms-

1. Continuous fever persistently with chills, myalgia.

2. Dry cough with headache and dyspnoea are also the prominent symptoms of severe acute respiratory syndrome.

3. Sore throat, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

4. Decreased appetite, rhinorrhoea, lymphopenia.

5. Lung infiltrates consistent with pneumonia. Difficulty in breathing, lower respiratory tract disease.


Investigations-

1. WBC count test.

2. Chest X-ray.

3. High resolution CT scan.

4. Viral culture.

5. Urine examination, stool test.

6. Virus isolation from nasopharyngeal aspirate.

7. Blood test for virus detection by RT-PCR technique.


Treatment-

1. Medicines to treat severe acute respiratory syndrome.

2. Maintain electrolyte, fluid and water balance of body.

3. Oxygen therapy, if required or necessary.




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