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Pneumococcal Pneumonia

July 16, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 8   Category: Health  Earning $0.25   Views: 478

The main and very important symptom of pneumococcal pneumonia is homogenous consolidation of one or more lobes or segments of lungs.

         

Pneumococcal pneumonia is caused by the micro-organism named Streptococcus pneumoniae. The main and very important symptom of pneumococcal pneumonia is homogenous consolidation of one or more lobes or segments of lungs.

Pneumococcal pneumonia is divided into four stages -

i) Stage of congestion.

ii) Stage of red hepatisation.

iii) Stage of grey hepatisation.

iv) Stage of resolution.


Symptoms -

1. Sudden onset, fever, chills, aching pain in extremities.

2. Headache with aching pain in body.

3. Loss of appetite, vomiting, tachycardia and sometimes there occurs central cyanosis.

4. Dry cough in earlier phase of disease but as disease progress there is cough with expectoration.

5. Convulsions in children.

6. Rapid breathing with localized pleuritic chest pain. Pain extends to shoulder or abdominal wall.

7. Rusty colored sputum but sometimes occasionally blood stained.

8. Homogenous consolidation of one or more lobes of lungs. Diminished respiratory movements. Pleural effusion in later complicated cases.


Investigations-

1. WBC count test.

2. Blood culture.

3. Sputum test.

4. Sputum culture.

5. Chest X-ray.

6. Serological test.


Treatment-

1. Medicines to treat pneumococcal pneumonia.

2. Antibiotic therapy.

3. Oxygen therapy only in hypoxaemic cases.




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