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Post Primary Pulmonary Tuberculosis

July 25, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 8   Category: Health  Earning $0.20   Views: 473

Post primary pulmonary tuberculosis is parenchymal disease in which there is very minimal lymph node enlargement.

         

Post primary pulmonary tuberculosis is parenchymal disease in which there is very minimal lymph node enlargement.

Causes-

The post primary pulmonary tuberculosis can be caused due to various reasons which are as follow-

1. Direct progression of primary lesion.

2. Reactivation of a dormant primary lesion.

3. Haematogenous spread to the lungs.

4. Exogenous superinfection.

Post primary pulmonary tuberculosis affects apical and posterior segments of upper lobe or apical segment of lower lobe. Large caseous areas and cavities are main characteristic feature of post primary pulmonary tuberculosis.


Symptoms-

1. Most of the patients are asymptomatic.

2. Gradual onset of disease.

3. Weight loss, decreased appetite, fever.

4. Night sweats, weakness.

5. Amenorrhea in women.

6. Persistent cough for more than three weeks. Recurrent cold.

7. Sputum mucoid, purulent and blood stained.

8. Haemoptysis with pain in chest, pleurisy, breathlessness.

9. Pneumonia progressing towards tuberculosis. Consolidation of lung tissue.


Investigations-

1. Blood test.

2. WBC count.

3. ESR test.

4. Blood sodium and potassium level estimation test.

5. Liver function tests.

6. Chest X-ray.

7. Sputum test.

8. Tuberculin test.

9. ELISA test.




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