Login or Register

  Welcome: Guest


Home >> Article >> Lifestyle >> Health >> Post New Article Bookmark and Share

Chronic Bronchitis

July 31, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 12   Category: Health  Earning $0.25   Views: 493

Chronic bronchitis affects males more than females as it affects smokers and middle age and old age patients more than others.

         

Chronic bronchitis is inflammation of bronchioles of lungs in which there is excessive tracheobronchial mucus production which cause cough with expectoration for more than three months in a year for more than two consecutive years.

It affects males more than females as it affects smokers and middle age and old age patients more than others.

Causes-

1. Cigarette smoking.

2. Air pollution.

3. Excessive exposure to dust, smoke and harmful gases.

4. Toluene diisocyanate.

5. Sulphur dioxide.

6. Genetic susceptibility.

7. Parental history of smoking.

8. Infections.


Symptoms-
1. Hypertrophy and hyperplasia of mucus secreting glands and goblet cell hyperplasia.

2. History of cough with scanty, mucoid expectoration for many years. Sometimes expectoration can be blood stained. There is late onset of dyspnoea.

3. Initially cough is present only in winters, which is aggravated in morning. But with the progress of disease and with increasing severity of disease it starts remaining for whole year.

4. Obesity is also there.


Investigations-

1. Chest x-ray.

2. ECG.

3. Pulmonary function tests.

4. Arterial blood gas studies.

5. Sputum test.

6. Sputum culture and sensitivity test.


Treatment-

1. Exercise.

2. Balanced diet.

3. Weight loss in obese patients should be done.

4. Stop smoking.

5. Avoid dusty and air polluted areas as it may aggravate the symptoms.

6. Treat respiratory infections with appropriate antibiotics.

7. Medicines.

8. Chest physiotherapy.

9. Oxygen therapy only in cases where seems indicated.




Comment(s)

No response found. Be the first to respond to this post

Post Comment

Please Log In  to post comment

Related Resources



Bronchitis - Types and Causes
Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchi, the air ways that connect the trachea (wind pipe) to the lungs, resulting in cough that may produce considerable quantities of sputum (Phlegm).

What is Chronic Arterial Occlusion?
It is a common arterial disease which is mainly caused by atherosclerosis, emboli or trauma.

What are Causes and Symptoms of Chronic Venous Insufficiency?
Deep vein thrombosis is the main deep vein abnormality which often causes chronic venous insufficiency.

Chronic Peptic Ulcers
In this resource I will explain the causes, symptoms and treatment of Chronic Peptic Ulcers

Know Everything About Chronic Cholecystitis
Chronic cholecystitis is the chronic inflammation of the gallbladder caused by repeated attacks of acute cholecystitis.

Latest Resources From The Same Category



Mouth Ulcer Disease
This article gives you some brief explanation about a disease called mouth ulcer.

Easy Availability of These Facilities, have Made People house of Disease
Earlier, it was concluded by medical scientists that people get health deterioration, out of lack of health facilities. Keeping that in mind, they were provided with health facilities. But, now such shocking medical statistics, come forward; from which, medical scientists comes on conclusion that some health facilities, instead of solving health problems; have created much worse, new health problems.

Avoid alcohol for a healthy life
Drinking alcohol is not good for our body. But the number of heavy drinkers are increasing day by day. This is an article which explains how intake of alcohol badly affect the people.

Hyponatremia: a serious sodium deficiency
Hyponatremia is a silent but a serious diseases that occurs because of sodium deficiency. Here I explain the reasons, symptoms and preventing methods of this disease. Three categories of this disease is also given here.

Top ten food for the health of women
Women are physically weak. They need healthy and nutrient food items in each stages of their life. This article explains about top ten healthy food items that are very necessary for women to live healthy.

 

Top Performers     Top Contributors     Share and Earn     Terms of Service    Privacy Policy     Contact Us