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Cardiac Arrest

August 19, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 12   Category: Health  Earning $0.25   Views: 469

Cardiac arrest is a cardiovascular disease in which there is sudden or abrupt loss of cardiac pump function which may be reversed by prompt treatment at that time but if the right treatment is not given at that time of attack then it may lead to death.

         

Cardiac arrest is a cardiovascular disease in which there is sudden or abrupt loss of cardiac pump function which may be reversed by prompt treatment at that time but if the right treatment is not given at that time of attack then it may lead to death.

Causes-

1. Ventricular fibrillation.

2. Pulseless ventricular tachycardia.

3. Ventricular asystole.

4. Pulseless electrical activity.

5. Myocardial infarction.

6. Hypokalaemia.

7. Hyperkalaemia.

8. Side effects of drugs.

9. Massive pulmonary embolism.


Treatment-

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is the treatment of choice in which artificial ventilation and perfusion is given to vital organs of body like heart and brain until spontaneous cardiopulmonary function is restored.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is divided into two procedures-

1. Basic life support.

2. Advanced life support.


1. Basic life support-

The main aim of basic life support in cardiac arrest is to provide adequate oxygen and perfusion to vital organs like heart and brain until advanced cardiac support is available. It includes-

a) Early recognition of symptoms of cardiac arrest.

b) Early CPR - which includes maintenance of open air ways in case of unresponsive patients and checking for adequate breathing and start rescue breathing if patient is not breathing and give mouth to mouth breathing at a rate of 10-12/minute in case patient is not breathing.

Next step is to assess circulation which is done by regularly monitoring carotid pulse for about ten seconds and rescue breathing is given with re-monitoring after every ten seconds. Whereas in case circulation is absent, cardiac compression is started at ratio of 30 compressions : 2 ventilations and the patient is reassessed after five such cycles.


c) Early defibrillation.

d) Early transfer to hospital.


2. Advanced life support-

Advanced life support consists of basic life support and the use of special equipment and medicines for establishing and maintaining effective ventilation and circulation.




Comment(s)
Author: rekhas        
Posted Date: 08/20/2012        

nice article. Well written and well explained.

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