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Rheumatic Fever

August 20, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 8   Category: Health  Earning $0.15   Views: 468

Rheumatic fever mainly affects heart, joints, central nervous system, skin and subcutaneous tissues. It mostly occurs in people residing in overcrowded areas. It mostly affects the children between the age group of five to fourteen years.

         

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease which occurs after pharyngeal infection with group A streptococci. Rheumatic fever occurs at the gap of one to five weeks after pharyngeal infection with group A streptococci.

Rheumatic fever mainly affects heart, joints, central nervous system, skin and subcutaneous tissues. It mostly occurs in people residing in overcrowded areas. It mostly affects the children between the age group of five to fourteen years.

Symptoms-

1. Exudative and proliferative inflammatory lesions of the connective tissues.

2. It mainly affects heart, joints and subcutaneous tissues.

3. Rheumatic pancarditis.

4. Sore throat in the past one to five weeks.

5. Polyarthritis mostly affects large joints of extremities.

6. Carditis.

7. Subcutaneous nodules occur over bony prominences. They are commonly found on extensor tendons of hands and feet, elbows, margins of patellae, scalp, over scapulae and spinous processes of vertebrae.

8. Erythema marginatum.

9. Chorea.

10. Fever, arthralgia and muscle weakness.


Investigations-

1. Throat culture.

2. Serological tests.

3. ESR test, C-reactive protein test.

4. TLC, DLC tests.

5. Hb test.

6. ECG test.

7. Chest x-ray.

8. Echocardiography.




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