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Chronic Mitral Regurgitation

August 20, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 8   Category: Health  Earning $0.18   Views: 506

Chronic mitral regurgitation is a cardiovascular disease of heart in which part of left ventricular blood regurgitates into left atrium during systole which leads to decrease in cardiac output.

         

Chronic mitral regurgitation is a cardiovascular disease of heart in which part of left ventricular blood regurgitates into left atrium during systole which leads to decrease in cardiac output.

Causes-

1. Rheumatic heart disease.

2. Chordae tendineae rupture.

3. Mitral valve prolapse.

4. Infective endocarditis.

5. Myocardium infarction.

6. Ischaemic heart disease.


Symptoms-

1. Patient may remain asymptomatic for several years.

2. Palpitation, reduced cardiac output.

3. Fatigue, weight loss.

4. Difficulty in breathing on exertion, orthopnoea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea occur in later or advanced stages of disease.

5. Left ventricular failure in advanced stage of disease.

6. Tender hepatomegaly, peripheral oedema, ascites are seen in patients with advanced stage of disease along with associated pulmonary hypertension. These are symptoms of right ventricular failure.

7. High volume pulse in severe cases.

8. Cardiomegaly, left ventricular third heart sound, wide mobile split of second heart sound.

9. Loud pansystolic murmur, mid-diastolic murmur at apex.


Investigations-

1. ECG test.

2. Echocardiogram test.

3. Chest x-ray.

4. Barium swallow test.




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