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Gastro Oesophageal Reflux Disease

August 31, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 8   Category: Health  Earning $0.15   Views: 401

When the normal mechanism of body which prevent the reflux of gastric contents into the oesophagus fail, then the gastric contents gets refluxed into the lower oesophagus which is called as gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.

         

When the normal mechanism of body which prevent the reflux of gastric contents into the oesophagus fail, then the gastric contents gets refluxed into the lower oesophagus which is called as gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.

Causes-

The various causes of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease are as follow-

1. Sliding hiatus hernia.

2. Cardiomyotomy.

3. Vagotomy.

4. Pregnancy, obesity, ascites.

5. Smoking.

6. Alcohol.

7. Heavy or fatty food.

8. Caffeine.

9. Gastric outlet obstruction.

10. Side effects of some medicines.


Symptoms-

1. Burning pain behind the sternum radiating to the throat. It usually occurs after meals.

2. Transient dysphagia to solids.

3. Persistent dysphagia to solids.

4. Iron deficiency anaemia.

5. Regurgitation of gastric contents into the mouth.


Investigations-

1. Endoscopy.

2. Barium swallow test.

3. Resting ECG and stress ECG test.

4. Oesophageal motility test.

5. Ambulatory oesophageal pH metry test.

6. Berustein test.

7. Ultrasound of the abdomen.




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