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Honey : A very nutritive food of medicinal importance

August 31, 2012  by: Hakimuddin  Points: 12   Category: Others  Earning $0.60   Views: 1688

Honey is very good nutritive food and easily digestible. You will find the food value and medicinal value of honey in this article. To know the more information of honey,r read this article.

         

Introduction


Honey has been used since prehistoric time. People were very much dependent upon honey as medicine and essential nutritive diet. Honey is prepared by honey bees that belong to genus Apis. Four species of honey bees are reported so far which are: Apis dorsata, Apis indica, Apis florae and Apis mellifera . Raring of honey bees for the production of honey and bee wax is known as apiculture .

How is honey formed?


Honey is a plant product of high nutritive value. Honey contains about 80% sugar. Honey is not a direct plant product because the nectar, pollen grains and cane sugar is collected by the bees in their crops where it gets mixed with the saliva, containing certain enzymes and undergoes chemical changes due to enzyme action. At this stage cane sugar which is known as sucrose is converted into dextrose and laevulose and some ingredients of bees also added to the mixture to reduce the water content. The whole mixture is then collected in the honey sac (crop) until it reaches the hive. As the honey bee reaches the hive this compound is regurgitated in the hive cell and is know as honey.

Chemical composition of honey


Honey is very sweet in taste. Honey is a sugar rich compound having following ingredients:
1. Laevulose - 3f8 %
2. Dextrose – 21 %
3. Maltose and other sugars – 9 %
4. Enzymes and pigments – 2.3 %
5. Ash – 10 %
6. Water – 17 %

Economic Importance of Honey


Honey is used as medical component and also used as a good nutritive food. The economic importance of honey can be divided into the following two categories:

1.Food value of honey :

It has been estimated that 100 gm of honey provides as much nourishment as 6 liters of milk or 800 gm cream or 170 gm meat . 2.1 gm of honey provides 21 k cal energy . Sugar, minerals, vitamins and other vital elements of honey are easily absorbed by system. Honey can be taken by healthy as well as sick persons at any time in any season. Honey is also used in the preparation of candies , cakes and bread.

2.Medicinal value of honey :

Honey is mild laxative, antiseptic and sedative. Honey is generally used in Ayurvedic and Unani systems of medicines. Honey is quiet helpful in building up of the hemoglobin of blood and also used as preventive against fever, cough and cold. Honey is also used to treat ulcers of tongue and alimentary canal. It is found that germs of typhoid are killed by honey within 48 hours.
So, we can say that honey is a good nutritious food which also has medicinal importance. Honey must be a regular component of our diet for healthy life.

Wax of bees


Wax is very useful product secreted by worker honey bees. Wax is poured out in thin delicate scales of flakes, then it is further modified and deposited by bee workers for the construction of honey comb or hive. Wax is complex mixture of varying proportions of even numbered alcohols with carbon chains from C24 to C36, even numbered fatty acids from C24 to C34 and odd numbered normal paraffin ranging from C23 to C37. Large quantities of bees wax is extracted from the hives of Apis dorsata. The wax is used in manufacturing cosmetics i.e. creams, Vaseline, lavender, in paints, ointments, insulators, plastic work, polishes, carbon paper and lubricants. Wax is also used in laboratory for micro -tomy and in dissecting trays.

Conclusion


It is clear from above description that honey bees provide us honey which has food value and medicinal value and wax which used in the production of creams, Vaseline, lavender, in paints, ointments, insulators, plastic work, polishes, carbon paper etc. So, apiculture should be encouraged by the government of India . The encouragement of apiculture would also provide economic importance and would be helpful in solving unemployment problem.




Comment(s)
Author: ushakiran        
Posted Date: 09/18/2012    Points:2    

Honey is one of the best natural health foods ever and we should use it more often in our diet substituting it for sugar whenever we can.Consuming Fruits with honey make an excellent food that is good for our skin

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Honey is very good nutritive food and easily digestible. You will find the food value and medicinal value of honey in this article. To know the more information of honey,r read this article.

 

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