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Acute Pancreatitis

September 01, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 8   Category: Health  Earning $0.12   Views: 442

Acute pancreatitis is a gastrointestinal disease in which there occurs acute inflammation of pancreas.

         

Acute pancreatitis is a gastrointestinal disease in which there occurs acute inflammation of pancreas.

Causes-

1. Alcohol.

2. Biliary stone.

3. Abdominal injury.

4. Renal failure.

5. Hypercalcaemia.

6. Peptic ulcer.

7. Viral hepatitis.

8. Side effects of some drugs or some medicines.

9. Hereditary or genetic predisposition.

10. Hypertriglyceridaemia.


Symptoms-

1. Abdominal pain sudden in onset and gradually increases in severity located in epigastric region radiates to the back.

2. Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite.

3. Fever low grade.

4. Tachycardia, tachypnoea.

5. Jaundice, low blood pressure.

6. Flatulent abdomen.

7. Central cyanosis.

8. Erythematous skin nodules.

9. Haematemesis.


Investigations-

1. Serum amylase test.

2. Lipid profile test.

3. Serum lipase test.

4. Fasting blood glucose test.

5. TLC, DLC, ESR tests.

6. Platelet count test.

7. Blood urea test.

8. Serum calcium test.

9. Chest x-ray test.

10. Ultrasound of abdomen.

11. CT scan of abdomen.




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