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Ulcerative Colitis

September 01, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 8   Category: Health  Earning $0.15   Views: 527

Ulcerative colitis is a gastrointestinal disease in which there occurs inflammation of large intestine resulting in recurrent attacks of bloody diarrheoa and diffuse inflammation of colonic mucosa.

         

Ulcerative colitis is a gastrointestinal disease in which there occurs inflammation of large intestine resulting in recurrent attacks of bloody diarrheoa and diffuse inflammation of colonic mucosa.

Causes-

1. Genetic causes or hereditary in nature.

2. Infection by Mycobacterium , measles virus, yeast and Bacteriodes or E.coli .

3. Imbalanced diet which contains excess of some nutrients and deficiency of some nutrients.

4. Smoking.

5. Stress, anxiety.

6. Immunological abnormalities.


Symptoms-

1. Bloody diarrheoa with mucus and pus is there.

2. Lower abdominal pain is there along with bloody diarrhoea.

3. Fever.

4. Weight loss, dehydration and anemia are there.

5. Loss of appetite is there along with tenderness in left iliac fossa.

6. Symptoms are aggravated by emotional stress and intercurrent infections.

7. Acute cases of ulcerative colitis affects entire colon whereas chronic cases affects bowel permanently which is further damaged by fibrosis.

8. Tachycardia and postural hypotension in acute cases.


Investigations-

1. Hb test.

2. ESR, TLC, DLC tests.

3. Liver function tests.

4. Blood test.

5. Blood culture test.

6. Stool test.

7. Stool culture test.

8. Ultrasound of abdomen.

9. Barium enema test.

10. Sigmoidoscopy.

11. Colonoscopy.

12. Rectal biopsy.

13. Serological tests.




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