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How to get rid of scabies – contageous skin infection

September 13, 2012  by: Nupur  Points: 12   Category: Health  Earning $0.50   Views: 1893

Scabies is a skin infection which is highly contagious. This article on scabies will highlight the symptoms, causes and management to ward away the infection. This will also help to take precautionary measures for early detection.

         

What is scabies?


Scabies can be defined as a skin infection which is contagious in nature and occurs in children though adults are also affected with it quite occasionally. The causative factor is a mite known as Sarcoptes scabies that causes itching.
  • Scabies can be caused in children living in overcrowded places.

  • The itch mite generally attacks people with poor hygiene.

  • It results due to unclean habits, maybe as a result of scanty water supply.

  • The spread of the infection is chiefly by skin to skin contact, shaking hands or using clothes carelessly by a person affected by scabies.

  • In young people who are sexually active, the spread can be sexually transmitted.

  • Use of used linen, fabrics or clothing’s is a common route of spread of the itch mite.


Signs and symptoms of scabies


  • Scabies causes itching, itching is so severe that a person affected with it gets restless.

  • The itching becomes more severe at mid-night, the person affected can hardly sleep.

  • On examination of a patient affected with scabies, blister rashes can be seen, scatch marks are evident on the skin, few small papules can be inspected between the web of the fingers in the hands.

  • On close inspection of a chronic patient long tunnels or burrows can be visualized on the skin associated with bad scatch marks and rashes in the skin.

  • The commonest area affected are the fingers, head, neck, face, palms, soles, under the folds of skin, armpits, genital areas, around nipples, buttocks, around the waist. It can occur in the other areas also in a severely affected patient.

  • Generally the whole family has the infestation of the contagious skin infection and needs to be treated.


Management of scabies, skin infection


  • Ascabiol lotion 200 ml ( BHC emulsion for local application – Benzyl benzoate 250 mg/ml) can be applied on the skin of the whole body locally from below the neck after a bath. The lotion should not be applied on the face, it may burn the skin. After 12-18 hours of the application, a bath should be taken and all the cloths should be washed and treated with dettol. If relieve from the terrible itch is achieved, it is fine else the same can be repeated after 5-7 days. Two treatments are sufficient to kill the itch mite. Before application of the lotion sensitivity test should be done. Sensitivity test : Apply Ascabiol on a small area onto your skin and leave for 24 hours, if you are comfortable you can apply the lotion else you should report to your treating doctor immediately, you need some other medicine.

  • Note – Ascabiol lotion 200 ml should not be applied in the face or eyes, pregnant and lactating mothers should avoid its application. It should be diluted before application in children below 10 years of age.

  • The patient party should be strictly instructed to wash the clothes and beddings under clean flowing water thoroughly. The clothes should be treated with antiseptic like dettol before drying in the sun.

  • The patient party should be called by appointment and counseled on good hygiene habits after they have been treated.

  • The patients suffering should first consult a doctor, get the skin infection diagnosed correctly and should be treated accordingly. They need to take follow up treatment from the treating dermatologist. Stubborn infections may take time to get cured.

  • In such cases anti-allergic medications can be prescribed for a week to relief the patient of the symptoms. Patients should consult doctors before the use of any medicine.




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