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Causes and Treatment of Obesity

September 25, 2012  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 12   Category: Health  Earning $0.20   Views: 311

Obesity is the major disease of today. It is rapidly spreading today due to high intake of food and less workout and exercise. Obesity occurs due to various causes.

         

Obesity is the major disease of today. It is rapidly spreading today due to high intake of food and less workout and exercise. Obesity occurs due to various causes. The some of the main and important causes of obesity are as follow-

1. Less work out and high fatty diet intake.

2. Overeating and less workout.

3. Genetic factors or causes.

4. Hypothyroidism.

5. Cushing’s syndrome.

6. Hypothalamic disorders.

7. Diabetes mellitus.

It can increase risks for various other diseases like coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and hypertension, stroke, colon and breast cancers. It should be controlled at time so that risk of heart diseases and other associated diseases with obesity can be prevented at time.


Treatment -

The following preventive measures should be taken to prevent and treat obesity-

1. Reduce weight at a rate of about half to one kilogram per week for six months from baseline.

2. Encourage intake of low fat diet with low calorie diet.

3. High protein diet but patient with impaired renal function should avoid it to reduce weight.

4. Very important step in the weight reduction is the daily moderate physical exercise for 30 to 45 minutes. It reduces abdominal fat and increases cardiorespiratory fitness.

5. Medicinal treatment as prescribed by doctor under doctor’s supervision. No self medication should be done.

6. Surgery in those cases whose basal metabolic rate is more than 35 to 40 kg/m2 and which does not respond to above methods and has other underlying medical condition or disease.




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