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Who Will Empower the Rural Women?

October 16, 2012  by: Paulose  Points: 17   Category: Others    Views: 481

Rural women are the unknown vital force of humanity. They are unrecognized contributors to the survival of the world. Their part in agriculture and other works in rural areas is considerable. Though the part of rural women in the development of the world is greater than men, their position in the society is still very low.


Most people of the world may not be aware that 15 October of every year is observed as International Day of Rural Women. This day was declared to be observed on 15 October by the 4th UN World Conference on Women in Beijing 1995. The purpose of this day is to empower rural women in all levels. It aims at creating awareness among rural women by educating them and utilizing their force in the social and economical development of the world. To achieve this goal, worldwide empowerment and educational campaigns are organized every year since 1997. Initiated by the Women's World Summit Foundation WWSF, celebrations and events take place every year in more than 100 countries around the world.

Condition of rural women in Africa and Asia

1) The total world population of rural women comes around 30%. But their social and economic conditions are very low, especially in the African and Asian countries.

2) Rural women are the main labor force involved in crop production and care of livestock in these countries. They are the backbone of agriculture. But their wages are comparatively very low compared to that of men. They have to work more hours than men but get low wages.

3) A considerable percentage of rural women are involved in industrial or domestic works in nearby urban areas. Many of them are engaged in odd jobs such as road construction, breaking stones, sanitary works, etc., mostly in urban areas.

4) In addition to their labor in farms and other places, rural women have to provide food, water and fuel for their families, and engage in off-farm activities in their houses. They have no hold in spending their income. It is only men at home who spend, mostly spending even the income of their spouses for their alcohol and other selfish purposes.

5) Rural female children are mostly engaged in child labor, tending farm animals or household works. They are not allowed to attend school. This is one of the main reasons for women illiteracy in India.

Empowering rural women

1) NGOs such as Women’s Organisation in Rural Development (WORD) and Sanjeevani Vikas Evam Jan Kalyan Samiti(India) are doing wonderful service in creating awareness among rural women. Their efforts help in eliminating poverty, unemployment, poor health and illiteracy.

2) Many NGOs all over the world work in rural areas, providing voluntary services for women empowerment and awareness. They provide opportunities for expansion of education, development of technology and finding jobs in rural areas.

3) The yeaman works of India's Kulandei Francis, who recently won the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award for 2012 for the development of rural women, have to be mentioned here. His profound faith in community energies united the women force of rural areas and started holistic economic empowerment programs for thousands of rural women in India. Women's self-help groups initiated by him are enlightening thousands of villages in India.

Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of UNO, has called for the world’s attention through his message for the International Day of Rural Women that only through empowering the rural women, the world can find a solution for the existing hunger and poverty.


Author: Joina        
Posted Date: 09/23/2015    Points:4    

In African and Asian continents, the life of rural women are miserable. They work hard for their livelihood. But they get very less wages. So that they cannot lead happy life. They are always in tension. They cannot give proper food and education for their children. Most of them are under poverty line. Therefore government of each state should take necessary steps for their betterment. The government can empower them by giving proper education and by giving training about different rural technologies.

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