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Tips for Parenting a Child With ADHD

October 29, 2012  by: Adi  Points: 12   Category: Health  Earning $0.80   Views: 1046

ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is a behavioral condition which is characterized by inattention, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Here are some tips for parenting a child with ADHD.

         

ADHD:

ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is a behavioral condition which is characterized by inattention, impulsiveness and hyperactivity.

Symptoms of ADHD:

There are three key symptoms for ADHD. They are hyperactivity, inattention and impulsitivity. These symptoms interfere with the child’s functioning like paying attention to tasks at home or school, making careless mistakes frequently, being distracted easily, not completing tasks which are assigned to them, not following instructions, being easily bored, talking excessively, being fidgety, being forgetful etc. Many children with ADHD have symptoms that continue through to their adulthood too. Medications and behavioral therapies are some effective treatments. It is a special challenge to parent a child with ADHD.



How do you know if your child has ADHD?

Most of the symptoms of ADHD are visible during normal childhood and development. But it is important to note that having one or more symptoms does not mean that the child has ADHD. A proper diagnosis is required to confirm that a child has ADHD. The symptoms must have been present for at least six months in more than one setting like home, school and society, usually beginning before 7 years of age and the symptoms must be inconsistent with the developmental level of the child and sever enough to interfere with the child’s social or academic functioning.

What to do if your child has ADHD?

Many famous and brilliant people of the past and present have ADHD. So the parents should have a confidence in their child’s strengths. The parents should learn to have positive outlook. If the parents think positive about their child with ADHD, it is much easier for the child’s teacher, coaches, peers, and in fact, the child him or herself to accept and harness strengths when the parents communicate and emphasize those strengths. ADHD is a unique gift provided to the child. The parents should know to address his or her challenges to work toward achieving the child’s fullest potential.

Define Schedules and Routines:

Clearly defined schedules and routines are essential for children, teens and adults with ADHD. There should be an established schedule for getting up in the morning, getting ready in the morning, managing after school home works, playing with friends and other activities. This provides a sense of consistency and allows the child to know what to expect. Charts and checklist can be made to make the process easier.

Set Clear Rules:

Like clearly defined schedules, clearly defined rules are also necessary for a child with ADHD. It is also very important to stick to the rules. It can be helpful to make a list of rules and post them in a place where the child could see it easily.

Give Clear Instructions:

Always give clear instructions to your child instead vague or open ended instructions. For example, give specific instructions like ‘please put all the dirty clothes in the basket’, instead of telling ‘clean up your mess.’ Always speak in a calm and clear voice. Always establish a kind eye contact with the child while giving instructions. Breaking down the instructions for larger tasks into simpler ones will also help.

Rewards and Discipline:

Reward your child’s positive behaviours with praise or with small rewards such as chocolates or other food items. It is always better to give more rewards and positive praises instead of negative comments. The consequences for negative behaviours should be fair. Major events like child’s birthday should not be left uncelebrated. Consequences of a negative behaviour should be explained to the child in a proper manner.

Develop Organizational Aids:

Children with ADHD have poor executing skills. They may find trouble in organizing their tasks and belongings. It is better to use different colours for the child’s notebooks in order to distinguish between the notebooks for different subjects. It is also better to use different characters for the instructions provided.

Eliminate Distractions:

A child with ADHD is easily distracted. Sometimes home environments are simply chaotic and full of distractions for the child with ADHD. Provide your child plenty of quiet time to complete his or her homework and other tasks. It is also advisable to provide a room to your child which is devoid of distractions like television and video games.

Set Goals:

It is unnatural to expect an immediate change in the behaviours of your child with ADHD. Don’t expect dramatic changes overnight. Focus only on one or two behaviours at a time. Always set small, attainable goals to your child. Be sure that these goals are attainable by your child. Offer plenty of praise and rewards when these small goals are met.

Find the areas of excellence of your child:

No one enjoys being subjected to constant criticism about their behaviours. Help your child to find an area of interest in which he or she is successful. This can be a sport, musical instrument, academic subject, art form, or other hobby. Encourage the child to excel in the field of his or her interest.

Promote a Healthy Lifestyle:

Stick to a healthy nutrition plan. Avoid giving junk foods to your children. Lots of sugary foods may worsen the symptoms of ADHD. Ensure that your child is eating regularly. Exercises help to promote physical well being and healthy sleep habits. Encourage your child to participate in sport activities. Sleep is also one of the important factors in ensuring a healthy lifestyle for your child. Falling asleep is bit difficult for children with ADHD. So it is important to have a set bedtime and bedtime routine. Eliminating caffeine in your child’s diet will also help.

Show Unconditioned Love:

Be sure your child is aware of your unconditioned love and support, no matter how he or she behaves. It is OK to let your child know that you are angry for a negative behaviour. But withdrawal of love or support is not a good consequence for an inappropriate behaviour. Be sure that your child knows that he or she is an accepted and valued member of the family.

ADHD Resources:

Take advantage of all the resources that are at your disposal. If you don't know where to look, talk with your child's teacher, school counselor, or health-care provider. School systems vary in the level of support they may be able to provide for parents and students with ADHD, but in all cases, parents and educators should work as a team to address the whole needs of the child.

You may find that a therapist or support group may be helpful, for either you or your child. Many health-care practitioners offer social skills and positive behavior workshops and classes for children that are geared toward having fun while learning to manage their condition. Your health-care provider can also be a valuable resource and may have information about parent support groups or community resources.




Comment(s)
Author: ushakiran        
Posted Date: 12/23/2012    Points:3    

Excellent article ! This is something that many children also adults suffer from, but one never comes to know unless special attention is drwan to it and somebody points it out.I know of many adults who have this problem probably something that has always been there since childhood but has gotten worse with age..

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