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Danger at Home !!
March 19, 2013 by:
Pankaj Tanwar Points: 8
When you are inside your home, you think you are finally safe from all calamities. But are you safe ?? This question arises in everyone mind. So we will discuss about it.
You are in a busy public area , coughing or breathing in polluted air. Driving home in peak traffic, you curse as smoke and exhaust fumes assail you from all sides. But when you reach home , you shut the windows, switch on the fan, and relax, breathing a sigh of relief. Feeling safe finally.
But are you safe ? Actually not. Right here too, countless allergens and pollutants are possibly assailing you. You are being subjected to Indoor Air Pollution that is also known as IAP. Few people know this because most studies, media attention and public campaigns have focused on outdoor pollution. But IAP is scarier than you could imagine. India currently has the world's largest number of IAP - related health problems with 75 per cent of its rural households burning wood, dung cakes,and crop residues - the traditional biomass fuels. Also, an estimated 5,00,000 women and children die in India each year due to IAP related causes - 25 per cent of estimated IAP - related deaths worldwide , according to a World bank Report. Studies by, All India institute of medical sciences, New Delhi, show how unhealthy cooking methods and use of biomass fuels not only contribute to respiratory - tract infections, including chronic bronchitis in women, but also puts children below five at grave risk. As he notes, even poor ventilation contributes. Broadly in urban India, the main IAP contributors are aerobiologicals and irritants. Aerobiologicals are dust mites, cockroaches, pollen and fungi, pet excreta, bacteria and viruses. It takes a 100 dust mites per gm of dust to develop sensitivity and 500 dust mites per gm of dust to trigger coughing and wheezing. Even our kitchen trash bin contributes a huge volume of illness causing bacteria and unpleasant odour to indoor air. Cockroach droppings trigger allergic asthma. Irritants and carpets, heavy draperies and cupboards made of compressed wood, which contain formaldehyde causing chronic eye irritation, cough and asthma. Granite emits radon that produces cough. LPG and electricity are healthier for cooking. Modern fuels are especially needed in vulnerable rural areas. I suggest to allow plenty of sunlight into the home and permits cross ventilation. Sun mattresses, pillows, carpets regularly. Restrict relative humidity to 40 to 50 per cent and keep kitchens scrupulously clean. Pets are okay, if you keep them clean. A better alternative is indoor plants, which absorb carbondioxide and emit oxygen.
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