Login or Register

  Welcome: Guest


Home >> Article >> Lifestyle >> Health >> Post New Article Bookmark and Share

Multiple Sclerosis

March 21, 2013  by: Dr. Simran Kaur  Points: 12   Category: Health  Earning $0.60   Views: 635

Multiple sclerosis is a degenerative disease of central nervous system in which there occurs degeneration of myelin sheath of nerve cells of brain and spinal cord due to autoimmune process initiated by some invading virus or foreign material toxic to body.

         

Multiple sclerosis is a degenerative disease of central nervous system in which there occurs degeneration of myelin sheath of nerve cells of brain and spinal cord due to autoimmune process initiated by some invading virus or foreign material toxic to body.

Nerve cells usually do the function of transmitting impulses from brain to various organs and from various organs to brain. In multiple sclerosis, the nerve sheath around the nerve cells called myelin sheath which protects the nerve cells gets degenerated or deteriorated due to autoimmune process or due to other specific causes. Myelin nerve sheath after deterioration reappear or form again but not as strong and efficient like the previous myelin nerve sheath. Repeated formation of myelin sheath after repeated damage of previous myelin sheath results in weaker myelin nerve sheath than the previous one which ultimately results in scar formation or in other words, plaques formation at the place of scar. Weakened myelin nerve sheath or plaque formation at the place of scar of demyelinated nerve cells deaccelerate the transmission speed of nerve stimulus or action potentials through nerve fibers and also predisposes the nerve cells to irreversible damage.


Causes-

Causes of this demyelination of nerve sheath of nerve cells are as follow-

1. This demyelination of nerve cells can occur due to autoimmune process initiated by some invading virus or foreign material which produce some change in the immune system due to which immune system does not recognize self body cells as self cells, on the opposite, it recognizes the myelin sheath of self nerve cells as foreign material which forces immune system to degenerate myelin nerve sheath and leads to plaques or scar formation after repeated demyelination and hence ultimately results in multiple sclerosis disease.

2. Genetic causes may be there, which is the reason of this disease being hereditary in nature. Toxicological causes may also predispose to multiple sclerosis, if damage is done to brain cells or spinal cord.

3. Increased stress may also predispose to multiple sclerosis in aged people. Environmental factors which are toxic in nature also increase the risk of suffering from this disease.

4. Head injury or spinal cord nerve trauma also predispose to multiple sclerosis. Episodes of stroke in past history may also increase the risk of multiple sclerosis.

5. Multiple sclerosis usually affects the old age people but age is no bar as the cases of multiple sclerosis are also found among children as well as adults.


Symptoms-

Symptoms of multiple sclerosis are as follow-

1. Demyelination of myelin nerve sheath of nerve cells of brain and spinal cord. Vision get decreased that is blurred vision is there.

2. Pain in joints, sensory and motor system gets affected due to demyelination of nerve cells of spinal cord and brain cells which transmit the stimulus to various organs from brain and from various organs to brain and therefore, hence, results in delayed functioning of various system of body.

3. Slowness in work especially slowness in functioning of sensory organs. Difficulty in talking, walking and recognizing things is there. Memory loss, difficulty in concentrating in work, tremors, dementia.

4. Anxiety or depression may be there. Constipation and urinary incontinence may be there.




Comment(s)

No response found. Be the first to respond to this post

Post Comment

Please Log In  to post comment

Related Resources



Multiple user login / sign in to Yahoo Messenger in single PC
If you want to multiple login/sign in to your yahoo messenger at the same time in single pc than try this tip.

Multiple user login in GTalk in single computer
Multiple user login in GTalk in single computer. In this we will see how can you login/ sign in with multiple user in a single pc.

View multiple worksheets in single window in Ms- Excel
Many users around the computer world use different types of software to store and calculate their data.

Systemic Sclerosis
Systemic sclerosis is a disease which affects skin, gastro-intestinal tract, musculoskeletal system, lungs, heart and kidneys. Hence, it is a multisystem disorder.

Multiple Myeloma
Multiple myeloma usually affects males more between the age group of sixty to seventy years of age. Multiple myeloma is a malignant proliferation of plasma cells derived from a single clone that is tumour is derived originally from one cell by cloning.

Latest Resources From The Same Category



Mouth Ulcer Disease
This article gives you some brief explanation about a disease called mouth ulcer.

Easy Availability of These Facilities, have Made People house of Disease
Earlier, it was concluded by medical scientists that people get health deterioration, out of lack of health facilities. Keeping that in mind, they were provided with health facilities. But, now such shocking medical statistics, come forward; from which, medical scientists comes on conclusion that some health facilities, instead of solving health problems; have created much worse, new health problems.

Avoid alcohol for a healthy life
Drinking alcohol is not good for our body. But the number of heavy drinkers are increasing day by day. This is an article which explains how intake of alcohol badly affect the people.

Hyponatremia: a serious sodium deficiency
Hyponatremia is a silent but a serious diseases that occurs because of sodium deficiency. Here I explain the reasons, symptoms and preventing methods of this disease. Three categories of this disease is also given here.

Top ten food for the health of women
Women are physically weak. They need healthy and nutrient food items in each stages of their life. This article explains about top ten healthy food items that are very necessary for women to live healthy.

 

Top Performers     Top Contributors     Share and Earn     Terms of Service    Privacy Policy     Contact Us