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Cognitive Psychology

June 27, 2013  by: Mohamadi Quadri  Points: 16   Category: Others    Views: 632

The article outlines Cognitive psychology and effect of modern software development to understand the paradigm.

         

Introduction

Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that explores internal states including attention, thinking, and decision-making. Learn more about some of the major topics within cognitive psychology including intelligence, memory and problem solving.




Cognitive psychology

The term "cognitive psychology" was given by Ulric Neisser, a famous German-born, American psychologist and senior member of the National Academy of Sciences in the year 1967.

Cognitive Psychology revolves around the notion that if we want to know what makes people tick then we need to understand the internal processes of their mind. Cognition factually means, "Knowing". In other words, psychologists from this approach study cognition that is 'the mental act or process by which knowledge is acquired.'
Cognitive psychology focuses on the way humans process information, looking at how we treat information that comes in to the person (what behaviorists would call stimuli), and how this treatment leads to responses. In other words, they are interested in the variables that mediate between stimulus/input and response/output. Cognitive psychologists study internal processes including perception, attention, language, memory and thinking. Typically, cognitive psychologists use the laboratory experiment to study behavior. This is because the cognitive approach is a scientific one. For example, participants will take part in memory tests in strictly controlled conditions.

Terminology

The term "cognitive psychology" was given by Ulric Neisser, a famous German-born, American psychologist and senior member of the National Academy of Sciences in the year 1967.

Cognitive Psychology revolves around the notion that if we want to know what makes people tick then we need to understand the internal processes of their mind. Cognition factually means, "Knowing". In other words, psychologists from this approach study cognition that is 'the mental act or process by which knowledge is acquired.'

Cognitive psychology focuses on the way humans process information, looking at how we treat information that comes in to the person (what behaviorists would call stimuli), and how this treatment leads to responses. In other words, they are interested in the variables that mediate between stimulus/input and response/output. Cognitive psychologists study internal processes including perception, attention, language, memory and thinking. Typically, cognitive psychologists use the laboratory experiment to study behavior. This is because the cognitive approach is a scientific one. For example, participants will take part in memory tests in strictly controlled conditions.

Significance

Cognitive psychology became of great significance in the mid 1950s. Few of Several factors are discussed below:

1) Dissatisfaction with the behaviorist approach in its simple emphasis on external behavior rather than internal processes.
2) The development of better experimental methods.
3) Comparison between human and computer processing of information.
The cognitive approach began to revolutionize psychology in the late 1950's and early 1960's, to become the dominant approach (i.e. perspective) in psychology by the late 1970s. Other factors were important in the early development of the cognitive approach. For example, dissatisfaction with the behaviorist approach in its simple emphasis on behavior rather than internal processes and the development of better experimental methods.

Few researchers criticized the cognitive approach, as it believes that only external stimulus-response behavior should be studied as this can be scientifically measured. Therefore, mediation processes




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